Juni In , Morgenthau proposed the Morgenthau Plan for postwar Germany, calling for Germany to lose the heavy industry, and the Ruhr area. It took over two months for General Clay to overcome continued resistance to the new directive JCS , but on July 10, , it was finally. was superseded by the more accommodative JCS The first American Military Government Commander in Germany was. Dwight D. Eisenhower (of World.
|Published (Last):||7 June 2014|
|PDF File Size:||15.4 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||2.33 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Morgenthau had been able to wield considerable influence over Joint Chiefs of Staff Directive The conviction that Germany had nothing to expect from defeat but oppression and exploitation still prevails, and that accounts for the fact that the Germans continue to fight.
Trujen Verlag,I, You will initiate appropriate surveys jds may assist you in achieving the objectives of the occupation.
Some policy statements in the Potsdam agreement differ from the policy statements on the same subjects in the js. Seek out and reduce to the possession and control of a special agency all German public and private foreign exchange and external assets of every kind and description located within or outside Germany. With the exception of the Reichshriminalpolizei Criminal Police all elements of the Sicherheitspolizei Security Policee.
You will seize or destroy all arms, ammunition and implements of war jcw stop the production thereof. Interessen und Institutionen in der internationalen Politik: This would approximately reduce Germany to the density of the population of France.
Eisenhower had “loaned” to the Army of occupation. But the President and Mr.
Morgenthau Plan – Wikipedia
jce In the absence of a conflicting policy of the Control Council, you may deal directly with one or more zone commanders on matters of special concern to such zones. I have no recollection of this at all. At an average ration of calories a day, malnutrition was at its worst stage in post-war Germany.
Germany was to be reduced to the standard of life it had known in This memorandum is also referred to as the Morgenthau plan.
The administration of affairs in Jfs shall be directed towards the decentralization of the political and administrative structure and the development of local responsibility. To assist in carrying out this policy you will make a survey of combines and pools, mergers, holding companies and interlocking directorates and communicate the results, together with recommendations, to your government through the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Jfs is not anticipated that you will make credits available to the Reichsbank or any other bank or to any public or private institution. On that basis, he said, the nation will need large imports of food and raw materials to maintain a minimum standard of living. This prompted Churchill to exclaim: Retrieved from ” https: Where the Potsdam agreement is silent on matters of policy dealt with in the directive, the latter continues to guide General Eisenhower in his administration of the United States Zone in Germany.
Views Read Edit View history. Germans ale prohibited and prevented from producing, maintaining or operating all types of aircraft.
The Marshall Plan was extended to also include Western Germany after it was realized that the suppression of the Western German economy was holding back the recovery of the rest of Europe. You will take such action as may be necessary to insure that all laws and practices relating to taxation or other fields of finance, which discriminate for or against any persons because of race, nationality, creed or political opinion, will be amended, suspended, or abrogated to the extent necessary to eliminate such discrimination.
Herbert Hoover ‘s situation reports fromand ” A Report on Germany ” also served to help change occupation policy. You will assure that the German economy is administered and controlled in such a way as to accomplish the basic objectives set forth in paragraphs 4 and 5 of this Directive.
Rooseveltrespectively, reached agreement on a number of matters, including a plan for Germany, based on Morgenthau’s original proposal. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office. There mcs several illusions in all this “war potential” attitude. Other Allied objectives are to enforce the program of reparations and restitution, to jc relief for the benefit of countries devastated by Nazi aggression, and to ensure that prisoners of war and displaced persons of the United Nations are cared for and repatriated.
Poland should get that part of East Prussia which does not go to the USSR and the southern portion of Silesia as indicated on the attached map, Appendix A France should get the Saar and the adjacent territories bounded by the Rhine and the Moselle rivers.
You will permit the self-organization of employees along democratic lines, subject to such safeguards as may be necessary to prevent the perpetuation of Nazi or militarist influence 17799 any guise or the continuation of any group hostile to the objectives and operations of the occupying forces. Historical assessments differ with regard to the nature, duration and effects of Morgenthau’s plan 7179 JCS on American and Allied policies.